MEXICO– UNIT QUIZ   (World History)     (2011)


___1)The Aztecs built a great empire in the Valley of Mexico by making peaceful alliances with neighboring nomadic tribes.

___2)The Spanish Conquistadors were able to conquer the Aztecs and their neighbors  through the power of their great numbers and with superior weaponry

___3)In colonial “New Spain”, Spanish-born “Peninsulares” and Mexicn-born “Criollos” did not “share” power, creating resentment among the Criolls.

___4)Napoleon’s invasion of Spain played in indirect role in the Mexican independence movement.

___5)Father Hidalgo’s revolt starting on September 16, 1810 successfully led to Mexican independence from the hated Spaniards.

___6)Father Hidalgo is considered the “Father” of Mexican independence.

___7)The support of the “Criollo” class against Spanish rule led to eventual Mexican independence in 1821.

___8)Mexican leaders were unable to agree on what “type” of nation Mexico would  “model” themselves after, leading to political division in early Mexican history.

___9)The Mexican military played little or no role in politics and government, allowing elected “civilian” politicians to lead and rule Mexico.

___10)General Santa Ana symbolized political instability and division between Mexico’s conservatives and liberals, becoming president 11 different times.

___11)The “liberal” Constitution of 1857 led to the “War of the Reform”, a bloody civil war.

___12)The installation of Austrian Hapsburg Maximillian as “Emperor” of Mexico and the “intervention” of French troops in Mexico was done against the will of all Mexicans.

___13)President Benito Juarez re-established a “liberal” republic after the War of the Reform. Maximillian was executed.  French troops left Mexico.

___14)General Porfiro Diaz brought peace, order and political stability to Mexico after 50 years of conflict and chaos following independence.

___15)The 30+ year rule of Porfirio Diaz led to economic development and ”modernization” of Mexico, but his political “dictatorship” ended with  “The Revolution” of 1910.